Patent leather is a type of japanned leather that has been given a high gloss, shiny finish. Modern patent leather usually has a plastic coating.
Tuxedo shoes are without fail made of patent leather or highly polished calf leather -- and black. They are unembellished, featuring none of the designs that you might find on a wingtip or other dress shoe. Very minor details, such as a seam from a cap toe, are acceptable, and very formal court shoes feature a satin bow on the upper.
Colors: Tuxedo shoes are always black and worn with black socks. Contrast this with dress shoes, which may be black, brown, tan or sometimes gray, and which may be paired with argyle, striped or dotted socks. Dress shoes worn in less conservative environments may even have contrasting soles and uppers, which is utterly inappropriate in a tuxedo shoe.
Materials: Most tuxedo and dress shoes are leather, either calfskin or glossy patent. In some cases, cheaper rental tuxedo shoes are made of polyurethane or PVC, which gives the shoes a high sheen and costs less than leather. Tuxedo shoes traditionally are smooth and texture- free, while dress shoes may feature suede uppers, embossing or stitching.
Styling and Fit: Ideally, a tuxedo shoe should be reasonably slim and form-fitting. Square-toed shoes are not recommended, because they are inherently less formal by design. Soles on most proper formal shoes are about 1/8- to 1/4-inch thick. Conventional dress shoes come in a variety of styles and degrees of chunkiness. In both cases, the footwear may be slip-on or lace up styles, based entirely on personal preference.
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